The following are suggested as writing rules. Authors are expected to comply with these rules to qualify under the Near Future Genre.
All events and actions are supported by current science or a reasonable extension of current science. For example, travel faster than the speed is light is disallowed by current science and not permitted under the genre.
The genre has seven lateral foundations: societal, economic, political, and celestial models, and biotech and infotech.
All projections of new models have their origins in current models.
Events and actions are plausible. Space travel takes time requiring the author to devise a reasonable process for humans to survive trips spanning lifetimes.
Character and emotional development is central to the book. Seeking and finding happiness is fundamental.
Emphasis is on dialogue versus narrative. The reader identifies with the characters through dialogue and actions.
No explicit sex. Sexual relationship are important but without explicit details.
The objectification of women is not permitted. Emphasis is on the equality of all life forms.
Limited gratuitous violence. Uncalled for violence lacking in good reason and unwarranted is generally unacceptable.
Limited action, replaced with tension and drama. Continuous action scenes leads to meaningless action.
A beneficial force is allowed and encouraged. The radical changes required for a positive future require an outside force – humans will never voluntarily undertake the required actions, a commonly accepted fact.
Relationship building is encouraged. This might be relationships between humans, humans and nonhumans, or humans and aliens while maintaining plausibility.
Writing style is classical. The overuse of metaphors, similes, and flowery descriptions are not encouraged. The writing is engaging and thought provoking, not poetry.